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What is Democratic Socialism

Photo: Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, Founder and President of Morocco's High Atlas Foundation. (Courtesy photo for education only)

Cartoon Social-Democracy by Faresh (Courtesy for education only)

Photo: Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, Founder and President of Morocco's High Atlas Foundation. (Courtesy photo for education only)

Photo: Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, Founder and President of Morocco’s High Atlas Foundation. (Courtesy photo for education only)

Viewpoint by Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir - MARRAKECH (IDN) – The phrase “Democratic Socialism” continues to find its way into current national and political discourse of the United States. Vermont Senator and Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders embraces the term, while his opponents, both from within his own party as well as on the Republican aisle, are using the label as a bit of an albatross.

Mr. Sanders’ own description of the philosophical, theoretical, and pragmatic applications of Democratic Socialism have yet to lay the weaponizing of this concept to rest. In his emphasis on the universality of rights, be they environmental, economic, health-related, educative, or concerning human dignity, he leaves out the primary distinction of Democratic Socialism. If properly conveyed, he could directly appeal to even its most vehement opponents of the day.

Indeed, classic Democratic Socialism, in its essential core and manner of societal organization, is riveted upon this basic premise: local people exert control over their own affairs without the central level of government deciding on the pathways, priorities, and planning of communities and sub-national jurisdictions. The Democratic Socialist notion, therefore, is not all that distinct from the foundation of the U.S. Federalist system and the birth and fundamental identity of the Republican Party.

Let us take a case in point. In a recent Town Hall, Senator Sanders was asked what specifically he would do in order to combat the effects of climate change visiting upon marginalized communities along Maryland’s seaboard.

A Democratic Socialist response to such a question – one which a significant swath of Republican Party members may also appreciate – would determine that to effectively combat climate change and take actions in a specific area, residents of the impacted community along with relevant local government officials, business owners, and members of civil society come together to protect that location against the hardship they are experiencing.

Democratic Socialism would advocate pivoting some of the responsibility of the national level away from being the focal point of decisive action and instead also shift to a supporting the role for local decision-makers.

Yet, in his answer, Senator Sanders emphasized national strategies alone, including battling fossil fuel companies and heralding a new era of renewable energy, along with other undoubtedly crucial measures.

It is responses like these, however, that can be taken as fodder for those who wield the term Democratic Socialism to scare their listeners. The public and many in the Republican Party would feel a greater sense of control over – and certainly less threatened by – Democratic Socialism if it was expressed closer to its true meaning; that is, a high level of scepticism toward central planning and an unbridled emphasis on local community decision-making on matters of greatest communal importance.

Let us consider another issue: the restoration of and investment in infrastructure. Both major political parties in the United States have conceived substantial infrastructure bills to include massive investments in large-scale projects, such as water, energy, and transport modernization. These certainly have their critical place in the betterment and political discourse of our society.

Cartoon Social-Democracy by Faresh (Courtesy for education only)

Cartoon Social-Democracy by Faresh (Courtesy for education only)

Nonetheless, a Democratic Socialist perspective on infrastructural investments would contend that governmental expenditures ought to spotlight a far greater number of projects at the local level with smaller sized budgets, rather than fewer projects requiring much greater amounts of capital. Upon hearing this alternative portrayal of an infrastructural program, those who may traditionally fear the Democratic Socialist agenda will come to realize that its translation into reality is in fact under their own grit and management, resulting in a decrease of their anxiety and fear.

Even in regard to large-scale big-budget infrastructural initiatives, a Democratic Socialist would emphasize that identification of such considerably sized projects would come from federations of local associations that support one another, unite, and still maintain their own autonomy. Federations tier upward in order to gain a greater scope of shared local priorities.

This is to say that large scale projects are also able to be reflective of the will of local communities through the federation of their own associations into broadly representative groups of increasing numbers of people. Efforts like these put forth a more precise description of what actually constitutes bottom-up change and movements, although these processes are rarely applied effectively, even by those who espouse them.

When explaining Democratic Socialism to the American people, particularly those who are highly sceptical proponents of this political philosophy, one ought to emphasize what it most truly is: commensurate with an American ideal. This epitome of the American character asserts that the people, when faced with matters of concern, must rely on the fundamental assumption that it is they, through their direct participation, who are in an ideal position to decide on the future. [IDN-InDepthNews – 17 February 2020]

The writer is an American sociologist who resides in Marrakech, Morocco.  

Photo: Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, Founder and President of Morocco’s High Atlas Foundation. Credit: High Atlas Foundation.

IDN is flagship agency of the International Press Syndicate.

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