propecia yahoo answers

Home » Home, INTERVIEW » After 75 Years and 9 Men – Could a Woman or Eastern European Became a UN Secretary General

After 75 Years and 9 Men – Could a Woman or Eastern European Became a UN Secretary General

Budimir Loncar was a Foreign Minister in Tito's Yugoslavia and special representative of UN on Indonesia and Non Aligned Movement under UN Secretary Boutros Boutros Ghali. Mr. Loncar is diplomatic doyen known globally; he is celebrating his 75 years in diplomacy (Courtesy B. L. photo for education only)

Joe Biden (right), Vice President of the United States of America, opens the Security Council’s high-level meeting on Iraq. Seated beside him is Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras (2014)

Photos of all previous (before Antonio Guterres - 2017 - present) UN scretaries general 1. Trygve Lie, from Norway, 1946-1952; 2. Dag Hammarskjöld, from Sweden, 1953-1961; 3. In Thant, from Burma (now Myanmar), 1961-1971; 4. Kurt Waldheim, from Austria, 1972-1981; 5. Javier Perez de Cuellar, from Peru, 1982-1991; 6. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, from Egypt, 1992-1996; 7. Kofi A. Annan, from Ghana, 1997-2006 and 8. Ban Ki-Moon, from Republic of Korea, 2007-2016. (Courtesy photo montage for education only)

Srđan Kerim former president of 62 UN General Assembly and candidate for the UN Secretary General from Northern Macedonia (TV image HRT courtesy for education only)

Jacinda Arden prime minister of New Zealand in March 2019 after terror attack in her country on Muslim Community (Photo montage courtesy for education only)

Budimir Loncar during TV interview with N-1 CNN affiliated TV station in Sarajevo (with Amir Zukic); tv image photo for education only

Antonio Guterres wearing anti-coved mask at the 75th UN General Assembly  opening 21 September 2020 (UN Webcast TV image by Erol Avdovic for education only)

Antonio Guterres wearing anti-coved mask at the 75th UN General Assembly opening 21 September 2020 (UN Webcast TV image by Erol Avdovic for education only)

By Erol Avdovic (WebPublicaPress) UNITED NATIONS – It would be a good choise the current United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres to be re-elected for his second term, Budimir Loncar, doyen of world diplomacy who was UN Secretary Generall Boutros Boutros Ghali’s Special Adviser for Indonesia told WebPublicaPress (WPP).

Mr. Loncar, a veteran Croatian diplomat (born 1924) who knew most of the previous UN secretaries general, a former Foreign Minister in Marshal (Josip Broz) Tito’s Yougoslavia, a country that was respected globally as important factor in world international affairs said – Mr. Guteres should be credited for preserving multilateralism at the UN over the past four years. Since, as Loncar stress – was a very difficult period of time due to the rule of Donald Trump and the temporary deviation of America from that track.

 

Guterres’ diplomatic “know-how” 

 

“Guterres knew how to deal with these challenges, he preserved the integrity of the UN, and on velvet managed the work of World body in this difficult time of the pandemic (COVID-19). So we had all the conferences needed for the day-to-day diplomatic function of the UN that could be followed globally. And so, almost imperceptibly under his leadership, we entered a new phase of work on the East River” he said.  And, that included the virtual summit on 75th anniversary of the United Nations.

“That’s why among the other things he deserves another 5 years at the helm of the organization,” Loncar says, predicting, the UN chief will be able to build upon that experience.

Budimir Loncar was a Foreign Minister in Tito's Yugoslavia and special representative of UN on Indonesia and Non Aligned Movement under UN Secretary Boutros Boutros Ghali. Mr. Loncar is diplomatic doyen known globally; he is celebrating his 75 years in diplomacy (Courtesy B. L. photo for education only)

Budimir Loncar was a Foreign Minister in Tito’s Yugoslavia and special representative of UN on Indonesia and Non Aligned Movement under UN Secretary Boutros Boutros Ghali. Mr. Loncar is diplomatic doyen known globally; he is celebrating his 75 years in diplomacy (Courtesy B. L. photo for education only)

“I expect the this UN Secretary Guterres, as an experienced politician, will be able to adapt further and choose the right moment to row bit away and move the UN ship towards the open sea. I expect that the sea will be calmer and easier to sail during the Biden era,” he told WPP during the telephone conversation from Zagreb, Croatia. And since Guterres was hesitant to do so during Trump’s mandate in the White House, “I believe he will try his chance now.”

 

Better than in the first term

 

Loncar believes that regardless of the “time of trouble that the world is facing in the years to come,” Guterres – “will be even better in the second term.”

Although he did not offer more details or talked about it explicitly, our interlocutor suggested that every second term, especially if it is the last one – is better, “sinse energy is not any more spent on re-election.”

The current UN Secretary General will also need no job training and already knows his priorities in this difficult times – in the post pandemic world of virtual diplomacy. Although, as Loncar said, “nothing can replace a real face to face diplomacy – we have to recognize the signs of new time and hope for the best.”

And the UN Secretary General has also lamented at his first press conference this year. Mr. Guterres, said – even if the pandemic is brought under control by this summer – he still does not see the next 76th session of the UN General Assembly could take place in full capacity, in September this year.

He also expressed skepticism that the arrival of the world’s largest number of diplomats – as we use to have – will be possible in New York this fall.

Guterres is expected to navigate quite well since he obviously precisely recognizes the signs of a new time. The time that cannot be returned to the past, nor can the wheel of history be stopped. The only question is how to preserve the good old institutions like the UN that are the foundation of this current world order. Those who ask this quite legitimate question actually see the hope in the current UN Secretary General.

 

Whose “player” is the United Nations chief

 

Joe Biden (right), Vice President of the United States of America, opens the Security Council’s high-level meeting on Iraq. Seated beside him is Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras (2014)

Joe Biden (right), Vice President of the United States of America, opens the Security Council’s high-level meeting on Iraq. Seated beside him is Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras (2014)

Given that both – Joe Biden and Antonio Guterres are institutionalists and that the new US president has signed executive orders to return the United States to the Paris climate pact and hinted at new measures on the path to multilateralism – this will make life easier for Europe and other US allies. And for UN for sure.

“Let’s not forget that Guterres is a European,” Loncar recalls. “And Washington now wants to regain its old leadership standing among the European allies first and foremost.”

Loncar does not put in the foreground the argument that the current UN Secretary General is in this position due to Eastern Europe disagreement on the matter.

Yet, five years ago the Eastern-European group which is consistent of 23 member states from that region at the United Nations were not able to produce their candidate for the UN chief during the election process in 2016.

According to the “rules” – the five regional groups have the right and obligation to offer their candidates for the highest function of world diplomacy every five or ten years; the time framework for candidacy depends on whether the UN Secretary General remains one or two terms at the head of the Organization. Those are African Group, Asia and the Pacific, Eastern European, Latin American and Caribbean and Western European and Others Group.

 

Who can run for UN Secretary General  -  ”Don Quixote desire”

 

Since he is coming from Portugal Guterres belong to Western European Group. And it was not his, or rather Western European Group last time when he was chosen for the UN Secretary General. Looks like rules were intentionally broken while nobody has complained too much. In fact, no one has ever officially filed a complaint because of that. And even if it did, cynics say it would be of little use. The UN has long meant a little democracy and a lot of diplomacy behind closed doors.

And, of course – the rules still exist, at least on paper.

Photos of all previous (before Antonio Guterres - 2017 - present) UN scretaries general 1. Trygve Lie, from Norway, 1946-1952; 2. Dag Hammarskjöld, from Sweden, 1953-1961; 3. In Thant, from Burma (now Myanmar), 1961-1971; 4. Kurt Waldheim, from Austria, 1972-1981; 5. Javier Perez de Cuellar, from Peru, 1982-1991; 6. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, from Egypt, 1992-1996; 7. Kofi A. Annan, from Ghana, 1997-2006 and 8. Ban Ki-Moon, from Republic of Korea, 2007-2016. (Courtesy photo montage for education only)

Photos of all previous (before Antonio Guterres – 2017 – present) UN scretaries general 1. Trygve Lie, from Norway, 1946-1952; 2. Dag Hammarskjöld, from Sweden, 1953-1961; 3. In Thant, from Burma (now Myanmar), 1961-1971; 4. Kurt Waldheim, from Austria, 1972-1981; 5. Javier Perez de Cuellar, from Peru, 1982-1991; 6. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, from Egypt, 1992-1996; 7. Kofi A. Annan, from Ghana, 1997-2006 and 8. Ban Ki-Moon, from Republic of Korea, 2007-2016. (Courtesy photo montage for education only)

“But the rules are there to be broken,” says one diplomat from an EU member state, with undisguised ambitions to run for UN Secretary General back in 2016; he does not have the same aspiration this 2021. Diplomat with whom WPP also talked by phone did not want us to identify him by name, since he is still in the active diplomatic service.

“It’s a complicated game when it comes the election of the Secretary General,” he said hinting that the “normal candidate doesn’t have a chance.” Until the more democratic changes are adopted at the UN, that desire to run for the highest office of the most important diplomatic World body “remains almost utopia.” And a kind of the empty desire of Don Quixote

This experienced diplomat who also served the United Nations in New York – suggests it is possible that we will not have “the right man in the right place for a long time – at the UN helm.”

But there were a few good he says: “The last good UN Secretary General was Kofi Annan.”

“If, by any chance, I would have been elected Secretary-General, I would have advocated for the consolidation of principles that would allow only the truth to be told at the UN. An then indeed to launch some useful initiatives.” In a brief telephone conversation with WPP, he said – despite the good and precise rhetoric coming from the current UN Secretary-General, as a result little in the world is really changing. “It looks like we have only a good lips service from the UN coming almost daily, while realy there is a real productive action.

When in 2016 Eastern-European Group rotation turn came, countries – mostly from Western Balkans have offered indeed very prominent candidates for the post of UN Secretary General: Danilo Turk (former President of Slovenia), Vuk Jeremic (former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia and President of the 67th session of the UN General Assembly), Vesna Pusic (former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Croatia), Srdjan Kerim (former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Northern Macedonia and President of the 62nd Session of the UN General Assembly), Igor Luksic (foreign minister of Monte Negro) and Miroslav Lajcak (former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia and President of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly). Among the others there were also two women from Bulgaria, Irina Bokova who was at the time director general of UNESCO, and Kristalina Georgieva, former high ranking EU politician and current Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund. But, none of them qualified for the “super finals”.

Seemed like, that of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (P-5) who are actually only in charge of the UN Secretary General selection the US, Russia and China left the initiative to Europeans – France and the UK. And then eventually “all agreed” that “Antonio Guterres is the best.”

The UN Security Council is composed of 15 member states ‘with ten rotating non-permanent member states), and which said has the last word in this selection, while the UN General Assembly, with all 193 member-states has only to confirm the choice.

 

Serious criticism from diplomats

 

Budimir Loncar which 800 pages memoir book “From Preko to the Top of the World” – focusing on his 75 years diplomatic career, published last year and sold in three reprinted edition says – Guterres was elected because he was good enough – no matter he didn’t come from the exact geographical region of South-Eastern Europe.

But Srdjan Kerim, former president of the UN General Assembly and one of the candidates for the

Srđan Kerim former president of 62 UN General Assembly and candidate for the UN Secretary General from Northern Macedonia (TV image HRT courtesy for education only)

Srđan Kerim former president of 62 UN General Assembly and candidate for the UN Secretary General from Northern Macedonia (TV image HRT courtesy for education only)

position of Secretary General in 2016, in a telephone conversation with WPP – speaking on this topic, has made a number of objections to the work of Mr. Antonio Guterres.

Among other things, Kerim has criticized this Secretary General for the lack of initiatives, and “taking over initiatives from others.” He has mentioned the example of a Climate pact, which was actually introduced by the former UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. Kerim also said he himself has contributed to that important initiative.

Mr. Kerim, who is also about to publish his memoir entitled “A World Without Borders” and who agreed talk again on this topic – the election of a new (old) UN Secretary General, in a separate interview with WebPublicaPress  - stated the election of Guterres for a second term, “already seems like a done deal: Fait Accompli.”

Although, as they say in America, Kerim hints – “nothing is over until everything is over.”

On 11 January this year Mr. Guterres sent a letter to the UN Security Council and president of the General Assembly Volkan Bozkir advising them in order – he will run again.

“I am available to serve a second term as Secretary General of the United Nations, if that will be the will of member states,” Guterres wrote in a letter to a veteran Turkish diplomat Bozkir. And, immediately well informed diplomats and sharp analysts concluded Guterres was calculating and waiting to see weather Joe Biden will win the election, not seeing himself for the second time at the UN saddle – if by any chance the American president remained Donald Trump.

 

Gender parity issue is still alive

 

PS U.N. Bureau Chief Thalif Deen interviews Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (who was the UN chief from January 2007 to December 2016). /Photo by Lyndal Rowlands/IPS/.

PS U.N. Bureau Chief Thalif Deen interviews Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (who was the UN chief from January 2007 to December 2016). /Photo by Lyndal Rowlands/IPS/.

And there is a still gender issue on the top of the United Nations that, critics say should be solve in a real way. Leaders should avoid making only cosmetic changes – but rather essential gender parity which simply reflects on fact that half of our humanity are women.

Thalif Deen a veteran UN correspondent, who also served as editor and director of IPS (Inter-Press News Service) and also regular contributor for WPP, recently wrote about United Nations as “one of the most vociferous advocates of gender empowerment” yet still incapable to implement its own lofty ideals.

Deen has reminded that in its 75-year existence the UN has not only ever had a woman for a Secretary General, but only four women has served one year mandate as presidents of the General Assembly. At the same time 71 men have been elected as UN General Assembly presidents.

Last year (2020) Guterres told delegates UN has achieved gender parity – 90 women and 90 men – in the ranks of our full-time senior leadership, two years ahead of the target that he set at the start of his tenure,” Deen wrote adding:

“The cynics, however, argue the unusually high gender representation may also be a subtle attempt – or a hidden agenda – to stall any campaign for a female Secretary General.”

When it comes to women as a possible leader of the UN, Srdjan Kerim told WPP that this would be very feasible. “And I have my favorite who I think is the best possible candidate for the position of first female head of UN,” he says.

Jacinda Arden prime minister of New Zealand in March 2019 after terror attack in her country on Muslim Community (Photo montage courtesy for education only)

Jacinda Arden prime minister of New Zealand in March 2019 after terror attack in her country on Muslim Community (Photo montage courtesy for education only)

“It is Jacinda Ardern, the prime-minister of New Zealand,” Kerim said. “She is a politician who is not only known in New Zealand as PM and party leader of the Labourists since 2017, but she is recognized globaly.”

While Ardern is only 40 years old she has indeed accomplished a truly extraordinary global reputation, with clearly articulated stance on major and most important issues that plague this world. And looks like media love her too.

“She also has shown remarkable empathy for the greatest victims – from migrants to members of minorities which are the issues that will somehow preoccupy this world for next generation” Kerim told WPP. Kerim also said that Arden is leader in preemptive action against global extremism. And she would an excellent choice for first female UN Secretary General.

 

Who will decide at the end 

 

Diplomats also remind on political realities that are very much part of UN: Lobbying in politics influences, and the stronger you are usually more often – almost always you win.

Fortunately, this is not a zero-sum game, but rather – much more and often a compromise. Thus, how the regulations are not respected literally. And the geographic and regional criteria are not the ultimate determinant of somebody’s, his or her – legal and political legitimacy. It also translates to the legal eligibility for the top UN post.

Some call it flexibility, and some call it by its real name: The strongest hold the steering wheel all the time.

Budimir Loncar during TV interview with N-1 CNN affiliated TV station in Sarajevo (with Amir Zukic); tv image photo for education only

Budimir Loncar during TV interview with N-1 CNN affiliated TV station in Sarajevo (with Amir Zukic); tv image photo for education only

“Eastern Europe is a part of traditional European political arena that Guterres knows very well, and they know him too. He is recognized by chief Europeans, and one would assume they are very much for his re-election for the UN Secretary General again,” Budimir Loncar said.

Others also point – Antonio Guterres is still a Western favorite unless China and Russia, doesn’t have any dark-horse candidate for unpredictable settings.  At this hour seems almost predictable — the current UN Secretary General does not interfere with their interests as well.

*

Short URL: http://webpublicapress.net/?p=33079

Generated image
Image and video hosting by TinyPic
Generated image

FEATURED VIDEOS

FLICKR PHOTO STREAM

© 2021 WebPublicaPress. All Rights Reserved. Log in - Designed by Gabfire Themes